Muslim Architecture: Three-Domed Kamolapur Mosque of Gouranadi

This Three-Domed Kamolapur Mosque as a muslim architecture is located at Kamolapur village under Khanga union of Gouranadi upazila of Barishal district. The Ilaa Bus stand is toward about 10 km’s north of the way on the Dhaka-Barisal highway from Gouranadi Upazila headquarters. Tulatala Bazar or Kamolapur Bazar is toward about 2 km’s east on the road from this Bus stand. The Kamolapur mosque, a Muslim architecture, is situated at the south of a zigzag road of 250 meters from the Bazar.

Map: Location of Kamolapur Mosque

There is a myth that this mosque is built by a person named Masum Khan. Observing the construction art, it is guessed that this mosque was built in 17th century AD. However, No inscription is found on the construction or the history of the mosque. In 1975 AD, the government of Bangladesh declared it a protected antiquity.

This three-domed mosque is built in a rectangular ground plan. It is 17.22 meters of length and 8.08 meters of width with the walls. It is built with bricks and lime-concrete. The walls of the mosque are 1.90 meters wide. The eastern wall of the mosque has three entrances. Each of the entrances has two arches design. The outside arch is multifoil and the inner arch is lancet design. The central entrance of the eastern wall is relatively larger than the other two. The top panel and the two sides of the central entrance is richen with rosettes, planks, net, etc. ornaments. The terracotta plaques of the mosque have a similarity to the decorated terracotta plaques of Sultanate realm period. Besides, there are different geometric ornaments of square and rectangular panels across the outer walls and the columns of the mosque. There is a lancet arched window as same as entrances on the north wall and the south wall.

The top of the mosque has three domes with the finials of the lotus-pitcher design. The dome in the center of the roof is larger in size. There are eight minarets with the finials of the lotus-pitcher design around the four sides of the domes in other words around the roof. The minarets of four corners with turret are larger in size. The columns of the minarets are octagonal. There is a cornice around the mosque along to the roof. The cornice extends in a straight line and connects to the four-corner columns.

There are three mihrabs on the western wall inside the mosque. The central one is the relatively large among three mihrabs with multifoil arched. In addition, the inner walls of the mosque has several niches of small and large in size. Three domes of the mosque are stayed on lancet arch built on the width outer walls. This mosque has a partial similarity to the Lalbagh fort of Dhaka in the view of the construction, the walls, the location of the top domes, the entrance position, the four corner columns. This Muslim architecture is listed and supervised by the Department of Archeology as a protected archaeological heritage of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Click for Bangla Version

[Author: Md. Shahin Alam]

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